A. J. AYRES the American neuropsychologist published his method in 1972 (hence the name AYRES METHOD), which in the meantime became the global method. In Hungary, the therapeutic methods used in the SZIT theory developed in two directions. Focusing on a pedagogical orientation that gives priority to the development of movement coordination or to such a psychotherapeutic approach, in which, besides sensory-cognitive-movement events, we pay special attention to the contact dynamics of spiritual events.
Ayres highlighted the fact that ancient sensory patterns, especially vestibular and tactile stimuli, are essential to creating optimal sensory integration. Therapy emphasizes that disabilities in learning and behavior are due to the immaturity of the nervous system. The senses are unable to coordinate recorded information between the two sides of the brain where the integration process is disturbed. Consequently, sensory integration dysfunctions occur. Attention Deficits, Impulsiveness, Hyperactivity, Speech Disorders, Emotional Disorders, and Disturbances in Coordination.
The main element of this therapy is active and passive vestibular stimulation. An important role here is the device that is the specificity of the "hanging net" therapy, known as the "embryonic network." In the child-suited network, the reverb period and birth and embryonic life can be experienced in this therapeutic situation. , rhythmic fluctuations of the child can cause such early embryonic states in the subconscious that create an opportunity to restructure traumatic experiences.
The condition of SZIT therapy is a therapeutic center and special devices that children can use in a playful, indirect way with common child movements. The wide range of devices depends only on their creativity. In the therapeutic room you can find a rocking bed, huge rubber balls, tunnels, tilting chairs, mushroom balls, a wide range of instruments. When used, children feel comfortable and comfortable, and they do not think they are in a diagnostic, therapeutic situation.
- Normalization of tactile, kinetic vestibular systems
- Recovery of muscle tone, and inhibition of primitive postural reflexes
- Development of equilibrium response
- Integration of eye movement
- Laterality and stabilization of both sides of the body
- Development of visual form and spatial perception
- Incorporating behavioral techniques and regulating the tension of an individual into a personality culture
- Creating a strategy to solve situations and manage them, according to individual talents
- The development of creativity of imagination, fantasyPOSSIBILITIES OF DIAGNOSIS OF SENSOR INTEGRATION THERAPY
SCSI 17 test kits are available from standardized tests, these tests being the most common. They examine visual perception, motor and somatosensory perceptions.
In a structured clinical observation system, we can map spontaneously play and movement activities and during this whole process the level of the somatotrophic-psychological state, the properties of relationships, the sociability, the level of communication. During the game, the level of creativity and imagination can also be judged.
Anamnesis and standard psychological investigations, if necessary, supplemented by therapy.
- Disabilities in learning and behavior / dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia
- ADHD hyperactivity
- Autistic symptoms and autism
- Premature babies
- Disorders in speech development
- Emotional problems /divorce, school attendance, relationship/
- Behavioral disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Vegetative dysfunction /wetting, encopresis/
- Developing coordination of motion
- Preparing for school
J. A. Ayers' theory and methodology has brought many new approaches to the system of pediatric therapy. I would emphasize her idea that problematic behavior is the activity of compensation. Disorders in child development indicate a lack of development and indicate the path to which developmental therapy should be built.